The Rashtrakutas Dynasty (753 AD To 973 AD)

The Rashtrakutas Dynasty (753 AD To 973 AD)

The Rashtrakutas: In the beginning the Rashtrakutas were Tributary king of the Chalukyas and later become the rulers of the vast Kingdom in the south. Rashtrakutas empire is one of the largest empire in India that took glory of Karnataka to its peak. Their kingdom extended from the Narmada river in the north to the kaveri river in the south. the rashtrakutas kingdom was founded by Rashtrakutas. Also read rashtrakutas art and architecture. The kingdom began with Dantidurga and continued with Krishna , Govinda 2, Dhurva , Govinda 3, Amoghavarsha.

Rashtrakutas Dynasty

Amoghavarsha had to face many threats and obstacles but he was a peace loving monarch. Amoghavarsha was a brave and secular ruler. He maintained diplomacy by developing martial relation with the Gangas and Pallavas. During his rule the ports of the west coast enjoyed great prosperity and became trading centers, some having ties with Persia and Arabia. Many travelers and merchants visited the kingdom during this period , the most noteworthy of them being the Arabs traveler Suleiman who praised Amoghavarsha as one of the four powerful emperors of the world . After the Amoghavarsha Krishna 2, Krishna 3 and Indra 3 ascended the throne. and literary achievements of rashtrakutas.

Karka 2:

During the period of Karka 2 the administration was weak. This lead to the rise of his tributary king , Tailapa 2 of the Kalyana Chalukyas and brought the end of the Rashtrakutas rule.

The Rashtrakutas Administration:

The Rashtrakutas kingship was hereditary and they were assisted by a council of minister like the Mahasandhivigrahi who handled foreign affairs .

The kingdom was divided into different administration purpose: Rashtras (Mandalas), Vishayas, Nadus, Gramas.
The leader of the Gramas was the Gramapati or Prabhugavunda who was also the leader of the village army. The Gramapati was assisted by the village accountant and there were Gramasabhas too.
An official called Nadagavunda was appointed in the Nadus . similar official were appointed in the Vishayas and Rashtras .


The Vishayapati was the officer for the Vishaya or the district and the Rashtrapati was the officer for the Rashtra.
The source of income of the Rashtrakutas.

The source of the income of the Rashtrakutas were the Land Revenue , Toll on Goods , houses and shops, tax on occupation and foreign trade.

Contribution to Literature

The Rashtrakutas encouraged Kannada and Sanskrit. Nalachampu the first champu work in Sanskrit literature was written by Trivikrama. Amoghavarsha was quite consider of Jinasena , Mathematician (Mahaveeracharya), Grammarian (Shakatayana), Gunabhadra, and Veerasena.
The prominent education centres in those days were Agraharas and Mathas. Knowledge of Sanskrit ,the Vedas, Astology, Logic and the Puranas was imparted here.


The Rashtrakuta king were the devotees of Shiva and Vishnu . They built many Shiva and Vishnu temples. Jainism received received royal patronage and became a wide spread religion.

Art and Architecture:

The Rashtrakuta king were patrons of art and their contribution to Indian artbcan be seen in the Ellora and Elephanta cave temples. Krishna 1 built the monolithic Kailasnath temple at Ellora .

More Information:

The Rashtrakutas Dynasty

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