The Post-Vedic Age of Ancient Indian History – With Full Details

The Post-Vedic Age of Ancient Indian History

The Post-Vedic Age is demarcated by the emergence of the first kingdom of Mahajanapadas i.e. the place where the people settled.

This phase is also demarcated by internal dispute between themselves with the rise in Foreign Invasions. In this chapter we are going to learn more about the first dynasty, its rise and fall and development of other dynasties side by side.
Additionally There were sixteen States known as Mahajanapadas’ just before the rise of Buddhismin India. A list of these states is given in the Buddhist text (the Anguttara Nikaya).These sixteen states and their capitals were the following.
 Another Buddhist text, Mahavastu omits Kamboja and Gandhara and includes Sibi and Dasarna in Punjab and Central India respectively.
Jaina text Bhagwati Sutra gives 16 Mahajanapadas name and includes Vanga and Malaya.

The Post-Vedic Age of Ancient Indian History
Mahajanpada Capital

1.Anga Champa2. Magadha Rajgir, Pataliputra
3. Kasi Varanasi
4.Kosala Sravasti
5.Vajji Vaishali
6. Malla Kushinagar, Paw
7. Chedi Sothivatinagar or Suktimati
8.Vamsa or Vatsa Kausambi
9. Kuru Asandivant (Hastinapur)
10. Panchala Ahicchatra (Uttar), Kampilya(Dakshina)
11. Matsya Viratnagar (Bairat)
12. Surasena Mathura
13. Assaka Patana or Potali or Poudanva
14. Avanti Mahismati, Ujijain
15 Gandhara Taxila
16. Kamboja Rajapura or Rajaori

Vatsa Kingdom

• The Vatsa or Vamsa kingdom was situated on the banks of the Jamuna River, with its capital at Kausambi near Allahabad.
•The most famous ruler of his kingdom was Udayana, the contemporary of Buddha. He had strengthened his position by entering into matrimonial alliances with the powerful rulers of Avanti, Magadha and Anga.
•He is the hero of many romantic legends,Priyadarshika and Ratnavali the two dramas of Harsha throwa good deal of light on Udayana and his relation with the kingdom of Anga and Avanti.
• The Kingdom of Vatsa, however, soon fell after Udayana. His son and successor Bodhi Kumara was a weak ruler in contrast to so the Vatsa kingdom was annexed to Avanti during the reign of Palaka, the son of Pradyota.
Avanti Kingdom
• This State roughly corresponded to modern Malwa, Nimar and the adjoining parts of the Madhya Pradesh.
•This kingdom, with its capital at Uttaini (or modern Uijain) in Buddha’s time was ruled by Chanda Pradyota Mahasena.
• He had matrimonial alliance with Udayana, the ruler of Vatsa, to whom he married his daughter, Vasavdatta.
• The Buddhist texts mention that even Ajatsatru; the mighty ruler of Magadha had to fortify his capital Rajagriha because of the fear of an invasion by Pradyota.
Kosala Mahajanapada
• Another great kingdom that came into prominence in the 6th century B.C. or in the life time of Buddha was Kosala. It roughly corresponds to Modern Awadh. Its chief towns were, Ayodhya, Saketa and Saraswati The last two were then counted among the six great cities of India.
• Buddha’s contemporary ruler of Kosala was Prasenajit, who was counted as one of the most important rulers of his time. He had inherited a state, which had already become powerful because of the absorption of Kasi in its territories
• Sakyas of Kapilvastu (to which Buddha himself belonged) also accepted the suzerainty of Prasenajit Moreover, Prasenajit’s position had become still more important because of his sister’s marriage with Bimbisara, the king of Magadha. Later on this marriage, however, led a war between Kosala and Magadha.
• The war broke out when Ajatsatru, Bimbisara’s son by another wife (from Mithila), put his father to death and Kosala Devi, Prasenajit’s sister, died of grief and the king of Kosala confiscated the town of Kasi which he had given to his sister at the time of her marriage.
• The war continued for some time with varying fortunes. It ended, however, in a happy reconciliation
between Ajatsatru and Prasenajit, the latter marrying his daughter Vaijira to the former and giving the township of Kasi as a gift to her daughter.
• After Prasenjit, Vidudablha came to the throne of Kosala. He attacked the Sakya territory because he felt that they had instigated his father against him and killed a large number of the Sakyas. This happened a year or two before Buddha’s death. But soon dissensions broke out in Kosala.

Also Read : The Vedic Age of Ancient Indian History

The Post-Vedic Age of Ancient Indian History

Related Article: Gupta Age of Ancient Indian History


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