The Maurya Empire of Ancient Indian History

The Maurya Empire of Ancient Indian History

The Maurya Empire of Ancient Indian History. – The Process of empire-building which started from Bimbisara of Magadha reached its culmination in the formation of the Chakravartin Mauryan monolithic empire In its heydays, the empire extended from Taxila and Gandhara in Afghanistan in the north to Karnatic in the South and from Kathiawar in the west to Kamrupa (Assam) in the east.

The Maurya Empire of Ancient Indian History

The history of the Mauryan empire is known from two broad sources:

(e) Archeological Sources
(b)Literary Sources


The archeological sources comprise
•The Sohagaura Inscription
•Mahasthan Inscription
•Major Rock Edicts of Ashoka
•Minor Rock Edicts of Ashoka
•Long (Major) Pillar Inscriptions of Ashoka
•Short (Minor) Pillar Inscriptions of Ashoka
•Cave inscriptions of Ashoka.
•The Junagarh Inscription of Rudradaman
•The Nagarjuna cave inscriptions of Dasrath
•The Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharavela
•Punch-marked coins
•Panas of Silver
Art remains
•Buildings and palaces eg The remains of the palace of Kumrahar
• Terracotta figurines
Physical Remains
•The Northern Black Polished ware
•Circular wells whose radius decreased with depth
•Iron implements and objects


The literary sources are broadly divided into:
(a) Religious sources
(b) Secular sources

Religious sources are subdivided into
(a) Brahmanical Sources
(b) Buddhist Sources
(c) Jain Sources

The Secular Sources are divided into:
(a) Native indigenous writings like the Arthashashtra
(b) Foreign Accounts and descriptions

Brahmanical Sources.
•The Mudra Rakshasa of Vishakhadutta
•The Vaivarta Vartika of Katyayana
•The Mahabhasya of Patanjali
•The Malauri Kagna mitram of Kalidasa
•The Harsha Charitam of Banabhatta
•The Katha Sarita Sagar of Somadeva
•The Brihat Kathamanjari of Kshemendra
•The Rajat Rangini of Kalhana

Buddhist Literary Sources
•The Deepavamsa
•The Mahavamsa
•The Mahaparinirvana Sutra
•Ashoka vadan mala
•Mahabodhi vamsa
•Manjushri Mulakalpa.
•The Milindpanho

3. The Jaina Literary Sources
•The Agamas and Commentaries on the Agama
•Uttaradhyan Sutra
•Dashavakalika Sutra
•The Brihat Katha Kosa of Harisena Suri
•The Aradhana Katha Kosha of Prabhachand
•The Kalpasutra of BhadraBahu
•The Parishishta Parvan of Hemachandra
•The Bhadrabahu Charitra of Ratna-Nandi
•The Cichar Shreni of Merutang

•The Secular Literary Sources Consistof indigenous Sources like the Arthashastra c
•Foreign secular literary sources include
(a) Geography of Strobo
(b) The India of Megasthanes
(c) The India of Arrien.
(d) The Natural History of Pliny
(e) The accounts of contemporary Greek and Roman authors like Curtius, Deodorus,Justin ,Plutarch, Niarchus, Anesicritus, Aristobulus etc.

Also Read Read Article : The Post-Vedic Age of Ancient Indian History

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The Maurya Empire of Ancient Indian History

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