Gupta dynasty Administration – Ancient Indian History

Gupta Dynasty

Gupta Dynasty Administration

Gupta dynasty administration was decentralized. In Gupta dynasty the king was the head, and to help the king there was a council of minister (Mantriparishad) he advice the king in different topics. Gupta dynasty Gupta dynasty founder was Sri Gupta.

Some important officer who were in Gupta administration,

Gupta administration

Gupta Dynasty 

The first officer was Mahadanda Nayak. He was the Minister of justice.

After that Sandhivigrah . He was the minister of peace and war.

Next officer was Mahapratihari. He was the minister of chief Vsher of Royal palace.

Next officer was Dandapashik. He was the chief of Police Department.

Next officer was Mahapilupati. He was the chief of elephant crops.

Next officer was Mahashavapati. He was the chief of cavalry.

Administrative Units

According to the Gupta rule whole empire was divided into the provision. This provision was divided into district . And this district was divided into villages or towns.

The first unit was Province which was called as Bukti or Bhoga. The head of this unit was Bhogapati or uperika.

The second unit was District which was called as Vishaya. The head of this unit was vishayapati or Aayukta.

At that time town were known as Vithika or Nagar. And the head of this was Nagarpati.

The next unit was Gram . And the head of this unit was Gramika. Gupta dynasty is Part of Ancient Indian History.


the Gupta military was divided in a different small army, because the overall Gupta empire has the big army . whenever if the Gupta empire need the army they call their army from the different areas. In Gupta administration there were no spy. And in Gupta Administration the punishment was very in low.

Gupta administration was very affective . The administration was very perfect so there were no chance of any illegal work . people and businessman can easily travel to one place to anoter. Gupta empire was totally depend upon tax or land tax.
In the society there were the beginning of accountability. The position of women were decline. At that time women were not allowed to keep the property, they are allowed to keep the Jewelry only. The caste system was rigid in the society. At that time Brahamins was divided into two parts, first one is Vaishavism and second one was Shavism. As the Gupta ruler mostly follow Vaishavism, so the advertise of Vaishavism was more.


Gupta economy was depend upon land tax. The land were most important for Gupta empire. so land was divided in 5 parts .

These were :

Kshetra Bhumi, Khila Bhumi, Vastu Bhumi, Charagah Bhumi and Aparhata Bhumi.

Kshetra Bhumi was for cultivation.

Khila Bhumi was waste land.

Vastu Bhumi was for habitable land.

Charagah Bhumi was pasture land.

Aparhata Bhumi was for forest land.

Every district has an officer which was known as Pustapal, who keeps the record of all land transaction. Gupta ruler issue many Gold Coins.

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