Gupta Age of Ancient Indian History

Gupta Age of Ancient Indian History

Gupta Age of Ancient Indian History in This chapter elucidates the story of rise and fall of Gupta Empire which was considered as the “Golden-Period” of Ancient History of India. Numerous literary sources like writings of Kalidasa, Hieun Tsang, etc. demonstrate the glory of the Empire it gained at its peak and this phase was also the most well described phase in India’s Ancient past.

Chandragupta I (320-325 A.D.)

Gupta Age of Ancient Indian History

• He was the first important ruler of the Gupta dynasty. He was the son of Ghatotkacha and grandson of Sri Gupta.
• When he came to the throne, his influence was limited within Magadha but he greatly raised the power and prestige of his dynasty by his matrimonial alliances and conquests.

• He greatly extended the boundaries of his kingdom and adopted the title of “Maharajadhiraja” or “King of Kings.
• He entered into matrimonial alliance with the famous Lichchhavi tribe and married Kumaradevi.
• Since the Lichchhayis held a high place in the political field of India, this marriage proved a great blessing to the young Gupta ruler.

• With their help Chandragupta was able to conquer the neighbouring states nandy founded an empire and assumed the title of “Maharajadhiraja”.

• His empire included the modern Oudh, Bihar, Tirhut and Allahabad besides Magadha. Chandragupta I is also said to have started a new era which starts from 26th February, 320 A.D. which is supposed to be the first year of the coronation of Chandragupta I.

Samudragupta (335-375 A.D.)

• He was a great conqueror who had fought many successful battles during the reign of his father. When Samudragupta ascended the throne, India presented a very miserablestate of affairs. After the fall of the Andhra and Kushan empires, a large number of small principalities had cropped up in India. They were always engaged in mutual warfare and thus made confusion more confounded. Samudragupta gave peace and unity to the country and established a mighty empire. It is because of his great military achievements that Dr. V.A. Smith calls him as the ‘Indian Napoleon’

• The Allahabad pillar inscription composed by Harisena, his court poet enumerates the people and countries that were conquered by Samudragupta, which had been divided into 5 groups.

1. Rulers of ‘Aryavarta’ i.e., Ganga – Yamuna Doab.
2. Rulers of Eastern Himalayan states and some foreign states such as princes of Nepal, Assam,
Bengal etc.
3. Central Indian tribes (Atavika rajya)
4. 12 rulers of Eastern Deccan and South India.
• Includes the name of the Sakas and Kushanas.
• 12 kings were defeated in Samudragupta’s Dakshinapath campaign, who reached as far as Kanchi and Pallava ruler vishnugupta was his suzerainty. But he reinstated all the 12 kingdoms as tributary states.
• Virasen was the army commander in famous southern campaign of Samudragupta.
• In Allahabad Inscription, Samudragupta describes him as the hero of hundred battles.

Gupta Age of Ancient Indian History

Also Read : Decline and Downfall of Mauryan Empire

More Information: Gupta Empire of Ancient India Was Golden Age of Goodwill

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