Growth Of Education And The Press – Indian Modern History

Growth Of Education

Growth Of Education And The Press

Growth Of Education And The Press awareness increased when Freedom Fighters Started Independence Movement.

The Britishers introduced a new Educational System in an alien language (English) in India. It is a fact that some British officers and scholars had a deep love for classical and ancient Indian learning and thought.

But they also needed a corpus of Indians who knew the English language and could interact with them. Growth Of Education increased in Indian People.

These Indians were ready to work on low pay-scale and hence they provided a cheap and efficient clerical and managerial staff to the British Indian Government.

Western Education and Modern Cultural thought In the initial days of its establishment, the East India Company government did not pay much attention to education.

However in 1781, Sir William Jones, who had come to India in capacity as a Judge of the Supreme Court established in accordance with the Regulating Act of 1773, set up the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

The Asiatic Society carried out pioneering work in the study of ancient Indian texts and seriptures under its auspices, Charles Wilkins translated the Bhagawata Gita and the Hitopadesha in English while Sir William Jones himself translated the Abhigyanam Shakuntalam and lhe Geet Govindan in English.

In 1791, Jonathan Duncan, the British resident at Benares established the Sanskrit college which developed to the present day Sapurnananda Sanskrit University.

In 1800 AD, Lord Wellesley set up the Fort William College in Calcutta fot the training and education of non-military officials of the company.

They carried out the studies of Vernacular Indian languages and translated the Bible in 26 local languages. William Carey, one of the scholars of the Serampore seminary has done pioneering work in the studies of Indian languages, Indian culture and Indian history.

However, the first systematic official initiative for the spread of education was provided by the Charter Act of 1813, wherein it was stated that the Governor General had the power to spend Rs. 1.0Lac per year for the education of the native Indians.

In 1820, an Englishman David Hare established the Bishop College in Calcutta. Conscientious Indians like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Radhakant Dev, Maharaja Tejsen,

Chandra Rai Bahadur etc took some initiatives for the spread and development of education in India. In 1829 Raja Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare and Sir Hyde East established the Hindu college in Calcutta, which later developed into the Presidency College.

Thus Growth Of Education were most important for Independence Fighters.

Growth Of Education

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