Arya Samaj Of Modern Indian History 

Arya Samaj of Modern Indian History

Arya Samaj Of Modern Indian History  • It was founded at Mumbai by Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati in 1875. However a few years later, its headquarters was shifted to Lahore.

Arya Samaj

• Dayanand was born as Mulshankar in a conservative and prosperous Brahmin family in Kathiawar in Gujrat From his early childhood, he betrayed deep philosophical thinking and was introspective in nature.

And came in contact with the learned sage Swami Varjananda, who was steeped in the Dvaita-advaita vedic philosophy of Vallabhacharya.

Mulshankar accepted Swami Varjananda as his preceptor and he was given the name of Dayananda Saraswati Varjananda tutored him in the quintessence of the pristine Vedic knowledge and philosophy.

arya samaj

Arya Samaj Founder

arya samaj founder swami dayanand saraswati. More In his religious philosophy– Dayananda believed that pristine and pure Vedic religion was the true Hindu religion, the Sanatan Dhama.

Accordingly he advocated for the regeneration of Hindusim along Vedic lines, shorn of all the later debasing influences of the Puranas, the Smritis and the Dharma Sutras. He gave the slogan ‘Back TO The Vedas He has been rightly called The Martin Luther of India.

Dayananda was fiercely opposed to idolatry and excessive ritualism in religion,

He was also opposed to animal sacrifices because firstly he felt it was a cruel and barbaric ritual he felt that it would deplete the population of milch cows, buffaloes goats and and secondly bullocks, so vital to the agrarian Indian economy Accordingly, he established.

The Gau-Raksha Committee in 1882 for the protection of cows. The Arya Samajists were deadly against butchers and persecuted them fiercely.

The Swami believed in a formless form of god Nirguna. Since the Sikhs also believed in the Nirguna Brahma, and so did the followers of Ravidass, Kabir and most other Bhakti preachers, hence Arya Samaj became immediately popular in Punjab and had deehand widespread roots among the Hindus of Northem India.

Dayadanda Saraswati believed in militant Hindusim. He was dismayed by the conversion of Hindus to Christianity and to a lesser extent to Islam .

Accordingly he set up the Sanga than to consolidate the Hindu religion and started the Shudd hi movement to bring back the converted Hindus back to the Hindu religious fold.

In accordance with the vedic religious practices, the Swami Paid great emphasis on havans and yojnas.
In their Social beliefs, the Arya Samajists

(a) Believed in the vedic Varna System, but not the Joti System (Caste System).
(b) Advocated for removal of child marriage and female infanticide.
(c) Were against priesthood and the pharisaical degeneration of religion. They believed that every householder could perform his own Yajna or Havana and even women could do havana.
(d) Permitted widow-remarriage, but only in limited cases, as they believed that too many widow marriages would destabilize society.
(e) Even the lowest of the Shudras cOuld perform the havan and the Yajnas

• Swami Dayananda Saraswati wrote the book ‘Pakhand Khandini Pataka’, striking at the hypocracy and superstitions that had crept in the Sanatani Vedic religion

• In 1874, he wrote the Satyartha Prakash, Which is supposed to be the scriptural premise of the Arya Samaj.

• In the field of education, Dayanand felt that the Indians should be educated in their language franca, viz Sanskrit and Hindi,

However he was also of the view that as long as India is not independent the Hindus should have a working knowledge of English for their social and professional advancement.

• He hence established a number of schools and Gurukuls all over northern India. After his death, the Arya Samaj broke into two groups on the issue of education.

The Lahore school under Lala HansRaj, Lala Lajpat Rai etc favoured western education in the English language Accordingly, they established the Dayananda Anglo-Vedic college in 1889 in Lahore, and a chain of Dayanand Anglo Vedic (DAV) Schools all over the country.

(b) The Gurukul faction was led by Swami Shradhananda, Lala LekhRam etc. The gurukul University at Kangri was established by Swami Shradhananda in 1902.

• From the political dimension, initially, the British government was positively inclined to the Arya Samaj But once Swami Dayananda met the Governor-General Lord North Brook and did not express his unalloyed loyalty to Queen Victoria, the English turned against arya Samaj and started prosecuting the followers of Dayananda.

• Dayananda was the first to use the word ‘Swaraj and was one of the earliest votaries of Swadeshi.

He wrote a series of books to express his views:

(a) Satyartha Prakash (1874)
(b) Pakhand Khandan (1866)
(c) Ved Bhashya Bhumi ka (1876)
(d) Rigveda Bhashya (1877)
(e) Advaitya Mat Ka Khandan (1873)
(f) Panch Mahayagya Vidhi (1875)
(g) Ballabha Charya Mat Khandan (1875)

Arya Samaj – Modern Indian History.

Arya Samaj : More Details Click here.

Arya Samaj in Hindu Dharma  And Cultural Centre.

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